Changes in Patent Language to Ensure Eligibility Under Alice

Print Article The Mad Hatter, known for asking the most famous unanswerable riddle. When a rule becomes a target, it ceases to be a good rule. In the three years since the Supreme Court issued its opinion in Alice, there have been positive changes to patent applications, but there remains a long-term risk that patent practitioners will use tricks to beat the Alice test. Here, we focus on the changes to patent applications by drafters, as well as changes to patent applications that have issued since Alice. CLS Bank , the Supreme Court laid down a straightforward, if difficult to consistently apply, test for patent eligibility under 35 U. We conclude that, in the short term, this test has resulted in positive changes to patent applications, as drafted. Different strategies for patent preparation and prosecution in a post-Alice world have emerged. For example, commenters have proposed increasing the level of detail with which an invention is described in a patent application and including more detail in the claims. Our analysis focuses on patent applications that issued as patents from to determine whether there have been any noticeable changes in patent language that may be attributed to post-Alice efforts to ensure eligibility under the Alice test.

We have 35,373 antique clock prices, images and descriptions as of January 24, 2018.

Or you found some nice vintage jewelry at a yard or garage sale or at the thrift shop. Whether you plan to keep the jewelry as a family heirloom or would like to resell it, a knowledge of vintage jewelry marks will help you to identify and date it properly. Marks commonly used in vintage silver jewelry Purity marks for older silver pieces can differ from those commonly seen today.

Various gold purity marks commonly found on vintage and antique jewelry A hallmark can also include other marks, such as: Patent numbers are especially helpful when dating older vintage jewelry, and will be covered in a separate article in this series.

Up to this date, they have not come forward to deny the allegation, which would seem logical if the story were not true.

Outside hinge with 3 barrels: Many of the early hinges were replaced, as have been some later ones, so the hinge barrel count is not always absolutely accurate as it is possible a repair replacement has been made. The appearance wasn’t so great and there was a tendency to rust, so a black crackle paint was used on these lighters. Black crackle Zippos were apparently produced only for shipment to armed forces overseas and none were produced for domestic sales.

The difference between a and Zippo can be determined by the insert as the ones had markings on them. The information presented here came from researching a number of Internet sites with bits and pieces from each. Zippo records indicate an overlap of bottom stamp configurations from Some lighters produced between were date coded; however, specifics remain unclear.

Dating an Item by its Patent Number

Among the first companies to sell wristwatches, the Gruens split their manufacturing between two continents, exporting American technology to Germany and Switzerland, and bringing German and Swiss traditions of craftsmanship to America. Dietrich was born in Osthofen, Germany, in , and started his watchmaking career at age In he went to America and settled near Columbus, Ohio.

A patent drafter may emphasize technical aspects of an invention in the first independent claim, abstract, and title to ensure classification into a favorable art unit.

Contact The History of the Folding Bike There have been many who have laid claim to the invention of the folding bike. Humorously, a bike manufacturer who shall remain nameless so as to not unduly embarrass them audaciously claims on their website to have produced the world’s first folding bike in Wishful thinking by their marketing department I suppose.

The truth is that the folding bike has been around for considerably longer than one might imagine and most claims of being the first are erroneous. First things first though, you can’t have a folding bike without the invention of the bicycle itself. So a very short history lesson on the bicycle is in order.

Vintage Cigarette Lighters

Frequently one finds that sellers guess-timate the age of a piece to show the item in its most favorable light. Weekend collectors–in a post-brunch glow and accompanied by a charming companion–are all too ready to hear the best of an object that has attracted their attention. As we say on the Street:

All documents must be one and a half or double spaced.

What if I still have more questions? What Happened to Cupid. The company is now “Pre-Dating Speed Dating” with lots of new improvements! We are launching many new initiatives and enhancements along with more marketing and new management. Nearly all Event Coordinators have remained with us and are excited about ensuring our attendees get the best event experience and results we can deliver.

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What fun is it to risk rejection over and over again striking up conversations with people you don’t even know are single? What if the conversation goes well, what about the awkwardness afterwards with asking for phone numbers? With Pre-Dating, you meet up to 12 and sometimes more single professionals in less than 2 hours.

The History of the Folding Bike

The act of writing will force you to define your invention, break down the invention into its elements, and think about variations of the invention. Written materials produced as a result will also be helpful for preparing a patent application. Ask yourself these questions:

Those goals may seem grandiose to the uninitiated, and people in this field regularly succumb to a messiah complex and harbor other delusions of grandeur , but I also know that those aspirations are attainable if only a tiny fraction of humanity can help initiate that Fifth Epochal Event , just like the previous Epochal Events.

This gave me pause to think about all kinds of numbers, found on flat- and hollowware. Most collectors are familiar with termini technici like scratch weight, British registration mark, etc. An article giving more info about all these numbers seemed like a good idea. Let’s start with the ‘easy ones’. Due to the common and unfortunate practice of splitting up table and flatware services at auction sales or between family members, ‘pairs’ with the numbers 3 and 4 might be offered.

A ‘pair’ with the numbers 1 and 2 might be a true pair or the first ones in a series of a larger number of items. Wine coolers and soup tureens and their liners are often such numbered, with the proper way of assembly after cleaning in mind. Mid Victorian Sauce Tureen lid and body are both marked 4 Fig. It might have been the butler, who in one inattentive moment after cleaning managed to ‘destroy’ right away two pieces of the service. Numbering was also a common practice for Scottish flatware pieces.

Toddy ladles were usually made in sets of half a dozen and are often found with numbers 1- 6 stamped in. London , here numbers do not match Fig. They are a ‘set’ of 6.

Brief History: Gruen Watch Company

Why do I believe James Files is telling the truth? Here is a non-exhaustive list of reasons in random order: After all, I had been studying the Kennedy assassination for over 12 years. I was more astonished because Files had made his confession in and I was told the website had been up since

Additions on English silver pieces are of course marked with contemporary hallmarks, but sometimes one has to really look hard for these in elaborate borders and handles.

Potential of abundant, environmentally harmless energy technology , which already exists My strategy for manifesting that energy event for humanity’s and the planet’s benefit. I w as born in In that same year, I had my cultural and mystical awakenings. During my second year of college, I had my first existential crisis and a paranormal event changed my studies from science to business. I s till held my energy dreams, however, and in , eight years after that first paranormal event, I had a second one that suddenly caused me to move up the coast from Los Angeles to Seattle, where I landed in the middle of what is arguably the greatest attempt yet made to bring alternative energy to the American marketplace.

That effort was killed by the local electric industry , which saw our technology as a threat to its revenues and profits, and my wild ride began. The owner of the Seattle business left the state to rebuild his effort. I followed him to Boston and soon became his partner. M y partner’s experiences in Seattle radicalized him. My use of “radical” intends to convey the original ” going to the root ” meaning.

Radicals seek a fundamental understanding of events so they aim for the root and do not hack at branches , but more economically than politically in my partner’s instance. He would never see the energy industry the same way again after his radicalization also called ” awakening ” in Seattle, but he had more radicalization ahead of him. The d ay after I arrived in Boston, we began to pursue what is today called free energy, or new energy, which is abundant and harmlessly produced energy generated with almost no operating cost.

Print A Patent

In , Selden sold his patent to a group of investors who called themselves the Electric Vehicle Company. In turn, they immediately sued the Winton Motor Carriage Company, the largest car manufacturer in the United States, for infringing on the Selden patent just by building gas-powered cars. On the contrary, it could be quite profitable and limit competition in a highly competitive industry.

It also drummed up business for its own members by threatening to sue anyone who bought a car from an unlicensed company.

Fairbanks plate to F-V stamp to Vega stamp?

One rich source of information is found in the United State Patent Office which registers invention patents, design patents, trademark registrations, and label registrations. If your collectible has a patent number then information about its history is recorded. Most any large city library will have a complete set of these documents, the most useful to bottle collectors is the Patent Office Official Gazette. All of the patents, designs, trademarks and labels were recorded in a document known as the Official Gazette.

These were published weekly, and bound into hard bound volumes by the year. By the later part of the 19th century, it required anywhere from two to four volumes to list and describe all of the issuances for a given year. The amount of bottle related information thaty can be found in the Official Gazette is astonishing.

George Selden patents gas-powered car

The “A” stands for “Ajustable truss rod. A new series of numbers was started in February, What years was the flower pot headstock inlay available on the Tubaphone style 3, 5 string banjo? Roughly to , the last serial number seen was

Hon with his first folding bike simply named “Da Bike”.

Those three date ranges are differentiated by the presence or absence of certain case and movement markings as well as the nature of any such markings, as explained below. In general, for all time periods, it is important to understand that Bulova watches never provide an obvious date of manufacture anywhere on the watch. Rather, the date must be “de-coded” using symbols, serial numbers, and two-character codes placed on various parts of the watch. These codes and the manner in which they should be interpreted is the subject of this article.

Many observers of Bulova watches are confused by the sometimes seen patent dates stamped on the inside of some Bulova watch cases, and they misinterpret such dates as the time of manufacture. In point of fact, those patent dates apply only to certain aspects of the case design and indicate only when those general designs were patented.

Those designs were used on many watches produced over a number of years, and the applicable patent date in no way indicates when any particular watch was produced.

The Process of Patent Application Examination at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)